|♣ WHAT IS ADDICTION
Addiction is a Compulsive physiological and psychological need for a habit-forming substance. The condition of being habitually or compulsively occupied with or involved in something.
Simply, addiction is a physical or mental dependence on a behavior or substance that a person feels powerless to stop.
|♣ ADDICTION IN FACTS
Addiction is one of the most dangerous public health and social problem. It is a progressive syndrome, which means that it increases in severity over time unless it is treated.
Addiction has been extended, however, to include mood-altering behaviors or activities.
There is a growing recognition that many addicts are addicted to more than one substance or process. Substance abuse is characterized by frequent relapse or return to the abused substance. Substance abusers often make repeated attempts to quit before they have any successful treatment. Changing pattern of substance from one to another (as example: from marijuana to heroine) abuse in patients been increased without proper treatment.
|♣ ADDICTION & SUBSTANCES
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a substance in which the user using the objects against the rules and policies of the matter and become powerless to it. Therefore, mood-altering and psychoactive substances are not the only types of drugs abused. Using illicit drugs/narcotics, stimulants, depressants (sedatives), hallucinogens, cannabis, even glues and paints, are also considered to be classified as drug/substance abuse.
Addicts are commonly depends on alcohol, opium, cannabis, heroine, brown sugar, cocaine, cough syrup and various type of pharmaceutical drugs.
|♣ ADDICTION WITHOUT SUBSTANCES
Addiction have several different ways to revel itself without particular substance. This type of addiction is a condition that results when a person engages in an activity like gambling, sex, internet, shopping e.t.c. It laid people to insist that psychological dependency.
That may causes psychological and behavioral disorder and produces the same result just alike substance abusers.
|♣ ADDICTION AROUND US
A study, conducted by doctors of the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), has shown that drug abuse has increased among youngsters in the 16-25 age group.
The study shows that most of the patients in the de-addiction centre were dependent often on alcohol, opium, cannabis, heroine, brown sugar, cocaine, cough syrup and various types of pharmaceutical drugs.
Most of the patients at the centre belong to the urban area with few of the rest of the patients belonging to rural backgrounds.
Substance use patterns are notorious for their ability to change over time. Both licit and illicit substance use cause serious public health problems and evidence for the same is now available in our country.
As per World Health Organization, 230 million people, or 1 in 20 adults, are estimated to have used an illicit drug. They need proper treatment of alcohol and drug use disorders.
|♣ ADDICTION SYMPTOMS & RESULTS
Depending on the actual compound, drug abuse including alcohol lead to health problems, social problems, morbidity, injuries, unprotected sex, violence, deaths, motor vehicle accidents, homicides, suicides, physical dependence or psychological addiction.
Long-term abuse of alcohol and other drugs causing physiological distortion of brain chemistry as well as the social isolation.
Alcohol or Drug abuse is also associated with increased risks of committing criminal offences including child abuse, domestic violence, rapes, burglaries and assaults.
Drug abuse makes central nervous system (CNS) effects, which produce changes in mood, levels of awareness or perceptions and sensations.